Since its launch in 2015, Smart Cities India expo including Solar India Expo has developed into Asia’s largest trade fair and conference on this subject. The event is organised by the India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) & Exhibitions India Group and is scheduled to be held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, from 23-25 March 2022. The expo will feature key verticals that make up the smart city framework of Smart Cities including Buildings, Cleanliness, Solar, Transport, Water, etc.
1. Ground mounted solar
● Ground-mounted solar energy systems are easy to install.
● The centre has envisioned generating 60 GW through ground mounted, grid-connected solar power to fulfil the 100 GW target of solar power.
2. Rooftop solar
● India’s strategy for renewable energy: Rooftop solar for businesses
● India targets 40 GW solar capacity from rooftops by 2022
● In December 2017, the MNRE proposed Sustainable Rooftop Implementation for Solar Transfiguration of India (SRISTI) scheme to incentivise the installation of roof top solar in India.
● 10% provision of roof top solar & RE has been mandated under mission statement and guidelines for all the upcoming as well as existing smart cities in India.
3. Battery storage
● By 2020, about 11.3 gigawatts of energy storage will be installed globally, equivalent to less than one percent of the total installed capacity of intermittent renewables, according to data from Bloomberg New Energy Finance
● Battery storage to play an important role in India’s sustainable energy future
● With limited investments in research and development of low cost and efficient battery technologies, the cost of batteries remain high resulting in less commercialization, poor adoption of battery storage. Pumped storage hydro power continues to dominate the energy storage in India
● Make in India initiative to manufacture cost effective batteries
● The state-run Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) is seeking bids for a 750-megawatt solar park at Ananthapuramu in Andhra Pradesh. In order to supplement the massive series of projects, SECI is looking to procure 100 megawatts of storage capacity
● Over US$ 1.3 billion annual battery storage market in India
4. Solar cities
● Development of 60 solar cities and 33 solar parks
● Metros, airports and railway stations implementing solar projects
● Dayal Singh College in Delhi installed solar panels for the electricity requirement of the college and the vicinity
● The CREDA will be setting upto 1KV capacity solar power plant in all govt. schools, panchayat buildings and Anganwadis in Chhatisgarh
● In a first of its kind in Central India solar power plant installed on a floating platform at Vidarbha Industries Power Ltd (VIPL), at Butibori, is being seen as a major advance with multiple advantages
● Greater Chennai Corporation will install solar panels on the rooftops of 130 buildings as part of phase-two expansion of the project to tap renewable energy to power the local body's offices
● The floating solar segment has potential to generate 300 GW of power across the country.
● In December 2017, the first floating solar plant of 500 KW became operational in Kerala.
● The government has recently issued eight floating solar power projects of capacities ranging between 2 MW to 1,000 MW.
6. Micro grids
● The Government of India is working on the advancement of solar micro grids in the country. As of January 2018, 63 solar micro grids totalling 1,899 kWp have been installed in the country.
● The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is providing financial assistance (up to 30 percent of the cost) for installations of these micro grids in rural areas of the country.
7. Solar Street lighting
● Solar Street lighting system is an ideal way for illuminating highways, village roads, residential streets, parking lots, parks, industry premises & airports.
● The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has established standards for all stakeholders of street lighting which involves use of efficient lamp technologies, optimization of pole & placement.
● Under the Government of India’s Street Lighting National Programme launched in January 2015, a total of 96,187 solar LED street lights has been installed till April 2018.